The Marvelous Fes: A Journey Through Morocco's Spiritual and Cultural Capital 1

The Historical Importance of Fes

Fes, a city situated in the North of Morocco, is a place that charms visitors with its rich history and diverse culture. Founded in the 9th century, Fes has played an essential role in Morocco’s political, spiritual, and cultural life. It served as the capital of Morocco for many years and became the center of Islamic knowledge and art. Many dynasties ruled the city over the years, which resulted in an incredibly diverse architectural mosaic. Today, the city is known as one of the world’s largest medieval cities, and it’s home to over 1 million people.

The Spiritual Center of Fes

Fes is a spiritual capital, and it is home to many religious sites that are of great importance to Muslims. The city is home to the University of Al Quaraouiyine, which was founded in 859 and is the oldest continuously operating university in the world. The university has played an essential role in Islamic culture and education for centuries and taught some of the Islamic world’s most influential thinkers such as Ibn Khaldun, a renowned historian and philosopher.

The city also houses many mosques, such as the Grand Mosque of Fes, built-in 956, which is the oldest mosque in the city. Visitors can also visit other sacred sites, such as the Moulay Idriss II Mausoleum and the Bou Inania Madrasa, which is a stunning example of Moroccan architecture and is open to visitors.

The Cultural Charm of Fes

In addition to its rich religious heritage, Fes has become an emblem of its country’s famous architecture, handicrafts, festivals, and local cuisine. Walking through the old medina, visitors can experience the city’s diverse street vendors’ aromas and sounds. The medina is the largest car-free urban zone in the world, and it’s home to thousands of artisan shops that sell traditional Moroccan ceramics, textiles, leather, and metalwork. During such festivals as the Fes Festival of World Sacred Music, which takes place in June, the city becomes a cultural hub attracting artists from all around the globe.

The Technological Revolution in Fes

Fes has seen substantial technological advances in the last decade which have revolutionized different aspects of the city’s life. In 2010, more than 30,000 laptops were planned to be given to students and teachers in the city, thus enhancing education and learning in Fes. The METRO project of Rabat-Sale and the Morocco government included a bus rapid transit (BRT) system in Fes, which helped reduce traffic congestion and air pollution in the city’s streets.

The city also benefited from two powerful technological innovation hubs in Fes that were created to encourage entrepreneurship and innovation. The Innovation Center for Energy, established in 2016, focuses on the use of renewable energy, while the Smart Fes Innovation Valley, inaugurated in 2018, strives to become a fountainhead of smart city technology, playing a role in transforming Fes into an intelligent city. Discover more information on the subject in this external resource we’ve specially prepared for you. Morocco tours, obtain essential and supplementary insights that will deepen your grasp of the topic.


Fes, once the intellectual and cultural capital of the Arab world, continues to maintain its prominence in the 21st century. Today, it is a magical city that offers a unique blend of spirituality, history, and culture, and it is a must-see for anyone interested in experiencing the real Morocco. With the rapid technological advances filling its streets, the city continues to amaze and astonish visitors, attracting and opening up opportunities for new investment and growth.

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The Marvelous Fes: A Journey Through Morocco's Spiritual and Cultural Capital 2